Op MULLENIZE and beyond - Staining Machines

Title

Op MULLENIZE and beyond - Staining Machines

Subject

IP Addresses

Description

This document is an internal memo created by GCHQ describing Operation MULLENIZE, an attempt to distinguish othewise anonymous internet users. The agency uses "User Agent Staining" to change the way in which the user's web browser identifies itself on the web. It is used to unmask TOR users, as well as devices on networks in which many share the same IP address, such as Internet Cafes.

Creator

Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ)

Publisher

The Washington Post

Relation

Snowden

Language

en

Date:Created

2012-10-10

Source:Classification

COMINT

Source:Redactions

Examples of specific geographical areas and websites redacted

Report:Creator

Steven Rich

NumPages

11

CreatorOffice

GCHQ

Date:Leaked

2013-10-04

Distribution

STRAP 1

Surveillance Programs

Operation MULLENIZE

Collection

Citation

Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ), “Op MULLENIZE and beyond - Staining Machines,” Snowden Archive, accessed December 1, 2022, https://grid.glendon.yorku.ca/items/show/44.

Item Relations

This item has no relations.